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INTRODUCTORY   ESSAY.                                139
however, afford only a very faint indication of the degree of
The vegetation of the plain of the Dekhan, is not very dif-
ferent from that of Mysore. The flora is not extensive, the
great drought of the hot season being unfavourable to vege-
tation. The earliest collection of its plants was made by Co-
lonel Sykes, and is now in the possession of the Linnean So-
ciety. In Graham's Catalogue there is an enumeration of all
the plants known to him, and its flora has recently been ex-
plored by Dr* Gibson and Dr. Stocks. The green hilly tract
bordering upon the Concan, being more elevated, as well as
more humid than the remainder of the district, presents a
peculiar vegetation. Some of its plants are apparently con-
'fined. within very narrow limits, and are not known elsewhere
in India.
This province occupies the lower part of the valley of the
Tapti river, and'is enclosed on the north by the Satpura
range, a branch of the Vindhia, which has an elevation never
exceeding 2500 feet, and is often much lower. To the south,
the Ajanta range, separating Khandesh from the basin of the
Godavery and the district of Aurangabad in the Dcldian, is
even less elevated, rarely attaining so groat an elevation as
1800 feet. To the cast this province is separated by no very
definite boundary from the Ellichpur district of Berar.
The valley of Khandesh is, in general, a level plain, rising
gently towards the mountains on both sides. Occasional flat-
topped hills are scattered over the surface, and the slopes of
tlic Ajanta and Satpura ranges are covered with dense jungle.
The rainy season, in Khaudcsh, is the south-west monsoon,
commencing in Jane, The rains are heavy and long-continued,
but we have not been able to ascertain their exact amount, nor
have we any definite knowledge of the flora of the province.
The province of Bcrar includes the districts of Ellichpur